Alveolar bone grafting is the addition of the bone in the form of the bone graft. It I done mainly in the patients who are born with the cleft lip and cleft palate. This procedure is done years later after the cleft lip and cleft palate condition in the child has repaired to an appreciable extent. Alveolar bone grafting procedure is usually done by an experienced oral surgeon. The alveolar bone grafting is classified into primary and secondary type.
Proper check-up of the patients is done prior to the deciding and commencement of the alveolar bone grafting procedure. Moreover, it is important to know that the alveolar bone grafting has been successfully done by oral surgeons since years and it has provided great benefits to the patients in terms of the appearance and functioning of the alveolar bone in the respective patients mouth. The timing of the alveolar bone grafting procedure is very important for successful completion of the treatment. It is usually done in the patients when they start losing the primary teeth and the eruption of the permanent teeth has started in the childs mouth. In this way, the procedure can be of great benefit to the patient if the team of oral surgeons follow proper timing for the procedures. The type of the bone grafting materials include allograft, autograft, and growth factors, composite and biosynthetic types. The age varies with every child. But the average age of the procedure at which the procedure is performed in the children is between 7 and 9 years of age. General anaesthesia is preferred to be given in the patients as it makes the child go off to sleep and have no kind of memories of the alveolar bone grafting surgery. Also, the surgeon can work his best on the child and successfully complete the treatment. The time period of the alveolar bone grafting procedure is usually between 2-6 hours. The parents of the patients need to motivate and support their children during and after the surgery. Only the recommended liquids are given to the patients like water and apple and white grapes juices are given to the patients before and after the alveolar bone grafting.
First, the labial and buccal mucoperiosteal flaps are raised. Then, the nasal floor mucosa and the palatal mucosa is removed by the surgeon. After the mucosa is attached to the required location, the bone graft is placed in the patients mouth and digital pressure is applied on the required location. The particulate cancellous bone is placed in the area of the defect where there is loss of the alveolar bone in the patients mouth. In the end, the labial flaps are turned towards each other and then the suturing is done. After this, the area is left for healing. In this way, the alveolar bone grafting is completed successfully within the estimated period of time. In this way, alveolar bone grafting is done by the surgeons in the children and the aesthetics and functioning of the defect area is corrected properly.